Flashcards are hand down the most effective way for motivated learners to study and retain factual knowledge especially they are used smartly.
1. Flashcards Engage the Students(active recall)
When you look at a flashcard and think of the answer or concept, you are engaging a mental faculty known as active recall. In other words, you are attempting to remember the concept from scratch rather than simply staring at the passage in your textbook. Active recall has been proven to create stronger neuron connection for that memory trace and flashcards can so easily facilitate repetition, they are the best way to create multiple memory-enhancing recall events.
2. Flashcards Utilize Your Metacognitive Faculties
When you reveal the concept or answer on a flashcard to access your correctness, you are essentially asking yourself “How did my answer compare to this correct answer? and “How well did i know(or not know) it? The act of self-reflection is known as metacognition. Research shows that apply metacognition tends to ingrain memories deeper into your knowledge
3. Flashcards Allow For Space-repetition
Because flashcards exists loosely, rather than tied to a book or document, you can separate them into piles based on whether you need to study them again. The practice of spaced-repetition is proven by decades of research to be the most scientifically optimized way to improve memory performance